US National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (www.nofas.org/living-with-fasd/) provides the following summary of the FASD manifestations across the life course:
- Infants: low birth weight; irritability; sensitivity to light, noises and touch; poor sucking; slow development; poor sleep-wake cycles; increased ear infections.
- Toddlers: poor memory capability, hyperactivity, lack of fear, no sense of boundaries and a need for excessive physical contact.
- Grade-school years: short attention span, poor coordination and difficulty with both fine and gross motor skills.
- Older children: trouble keeping up with school, low self-esteem from recognizing they are different from their peers.
- Teenagers: poor impulse control, cannot distinguish between public and private behaviors, must be reminded of concepts on a daily basis.
- Adults: need to deal with many daily obstacles, such as affordable and appropriate housing, transportation, employment and money handling.